All they need to do is scrutinize these pieces and put them together into a comprehensive paper. Systematically explain the underlying meaning of your findings and state why you believe they are significant. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research.
After you discuss your main result in the paragraph above, discuss additional major or minor findings. Journal of Second Language Writing.
Most of the fear comes from the variation in the section. All manipulations were carried out under dim green light 3mW m We programmed behavioral computer-based experiments of Study 1 by using E-Prime. A schematic of your proposed mechanism or model can often be helpful for clearly and concisely summarizing your major result s.
This is important in those cases where the researcher presents a number of findings or where more than one research question was presented.
Writing Your Journal Article in 12 Weeks: This section will be greatly expanded in a real Discussion section to place your finding in the context of multiple published studies. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.
The specific organism that was studied the bacterium, Escherichia coli. Phototropism in hypocotyls of radish. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context.
Bates College; Hess, Dean R. This paragraph provides a critical analysis of your major finding s. The sentences can be improved when information is added, as in 2a and 2brespectfully: You select those descriptive and inferential statistics you wish to use, and place them in the order that seems reasonable to you.
You may want to identify certain types of equipment by vendor name and brand or category e. Do not interpret the data here. A useful strategy in discussing your experiment is to relate your specific results back to the broad theoretical context presented in the Introduction.
To show our results, we first introduce all components of experimental system and then describe the outcome of infections. The transition into interpretive language can be a slippery slope. Copy your outline into a separate file and expand on each of the points, adding data and elaborating on the details.
Print a double space copy with font size 14 and re-read your paper in several steps. Any other information that the researcher may have read about the problem but did not mention in the paper is not included in this section.
Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense [present] that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction.
All writers have a set of problems that are specific to them, i. Indicate a gap in the previous research, or extend previous knowledge in some way. Very frequently the experimental design and data collection procedures for an experiment cannot be separated and must be integrated together.
The limitations should also be acknowledged, and future directions should be discussed. The table below offers some questions effective discussion sections in scientific reports address.
Indeed, for most journals, this is a very brief section of about to words, but it might be the most difficult section due to its importance. However, this assumption is faulty because the purpose of the section is not to evaluate the importance of the research question in general.
Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number e. Revise your paper at the macrostructure and the microstructure level using different strategies and techniques.
The failure or inability of an individual to produce functional gametes under a given set of environmental conditions is known as sterility.
Feb 12, · Writing manuscripts to describe study outcomes, although not easy, is the main task of an academician. The aim of the present review is to outline the main aspects of writing the discussion section of a manuscript.
How to write the Results and Discussion. Michael P. Dosch CRNA MS Components of Results section. Results should answer main hypothesis or research question(s) Eger EI.
A template for writing a scientific paper. Anesth Analg ; Scoville R. Ten graphs (and how to use them). Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper. There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be about what you will write in the discussion section from How to Write an Effective Discussion.
Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information. However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section.
Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. May 08, · The case for structuring the discussion of scientific papers.
Structure is the most difficult part of writing, no matter whether you are writing a novel, a play, a poem, a government report, or a scientific paper. 1 and either consciously or unconsciously know the function of each section. Results. The results section is the part of the scientific paper around which everything else is built.
The introduction describes why the results needed to be obtained, the methods how they were obtained and the discussion explains the results.Writing a discussion section of a scientific paper